Critical Gambling Studies <p><em>Critical Gambling Studies</em> is an open access, double-blind peer-reviewed journal published bi-annually. We welcome original research and writing from researchers working in established disciplines including: philosophy, psychology, anthropology, sociology, politics, criminology aesthetics, history, economics, literature, theology, art history and architecture, tourism and leisure studies, public health and law. We are also keen to consider interdisciplinary approaches to gambling research within an activist tradition.&nbsp;</p> University of Alberta Library en-US Critical Gambling Studies 2563-190X <p>Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to <em>Critical Gambling Studies</em>.</p> <p> </p> Editorial: Philosophy and Gambling: Reflections from Macao <p>Editorial by Mario Wenning and Fiona Nicoll, editors of the CGS Special Issue <em>Philosophy and Gambling: Reflections from Macao</em>.</p> Mario Wenning Fiona Nicoll Copyright (c) 2022 Mario Wenning, Fiona Nicoll 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 i vii 10.29173/cgs147 Mind the Gap <p>This article is a commentary by Richard Fitzgerald and Mark R. Johnson, written for the Philosophy and Gambling: Reflections from Macao special issue of <em>Critical Gambling Studies</em>. </p> Richard Fitzgerald Mark Johnson Copyright (c) 2022 Richard Fitzgerald, Mark R. Johnson 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 185 193 10.29173/cgs144 Book Review: Ng, Janet. (2019). Dreamworld of Casino Capitalism: Macao’s Society, Literature, and Culture. Cambria Press. 257 pp. ISBN: 9781621964278 <p>Book Review: Ng, Janet. (2019). <em>Dreamworld of Casino Capitalism: Macao’s Society, Literature, and Culture</em>. Cambria Press. 257 pp. ISBN: 9781621964278</p> Sheyla Zandonai Copyright (c) 2022 Sheyla S. Zandonai 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 194 196 10.29173/cgs145 Absorbed in Play and Gambling: Gadamer and Csíkszentmihályi <p>One of the most apparent features of playing and gambling is how easily people become engaged and absorbed into playing and gambling. In some cases, people lose themselves in playing and gambling to the extent that addiction might occur. This paper seeks to contribute to the phenomenology of play and gambling by attempting to describe how and why playing and gambling are attractive for us, and how we get absorbed in playing or gambling. In doing so, I disregard the difference between play in a broader sense and gambling with whatever stakes where in the latter case the risk inherently belongs to the activity. To get a nuanced description, I focus on two prominent theories that clarify different aspects of the phenomenon of playing. First, Hans-Georg Gadamer’s analysis of play gives an account of how playing is like submerging into an independent reality. Second, I follow Mihály Csíkszentmihályi’s conception of meaningful activity which he called “flow”. The main interest of the paper will be the problem of what it means to enter and to indulge in the context of play, and how we come to immerse ourselves in the process of playing and gambling.</p> Csaba Olay Copyright (c) 2022 Csaba Olay 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 126 134 10.29173/cgs101 Daring to Play Oneself <p>The critical intention of this article does not focus on a comprehensive socio-cultural evaluation of gambling. Rather, its perspective is guided towards ways of picturing gambling and the subject of the gambler in different theoretical contexts. It is argued that one might expand philosophical conceptions of practical self-determination by taking an interdisciplinary look at gambling. However, such an attempt runs into the danger of painting an overly simplistic picture of self-control as self-continence, which can be found in theoretical approaches pathologizing the gambler. In order to avoid such an outcome, an interdisciplinary analogy combining psychoanalytical and philosophical thought is presented. This analogy brings together the perspectives of the analysand and the gambler. By confronting these scenarios of human agency, it is shown that practical self-determination depends on instances of daring that can be related to certain gambling practices, too. The interdisciplinary view on gambling highlights its potentials for self-exploration, without neglecting the fact that an appropriate realization of such a self-exploration requires experiential and interpersonal conditions that often collide with the harsh reality of gambling practices.</p> Judith-Frederike Popp Copyright (c) 2022 Judith-Frederike Popp 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 135 144 10.29173/cgs36 What Matters in Macao <p>In contrast to the dominant ideas of how 'game and play' work, which I label 'transcendentalist' and 'sedentary',&nbsp; my study on Macao proposes an alternative, 'materialist' and 'nomadic', perspective. This comes down to thinking 'game and play' not as an 'artificial' activity that takes place in a safe, enclosed environment, but as an elementary part of life, crucial to how imagination works, and to how imagination&nbsp; is entangled in the materiality of the urban sphere. After mapping an alternative history of how to think 'game and play' differently, working with anthropologist Karl Goos, architect Aldo van Eyk, artist Constant, and in the end philosopher Gilles Deleuze, I engage with the city of Macao, its architecture, its politics, and its gambling practices. I use fiction authors Leslie T Chang and Louis Borges to show, finally, how Macao, in contemporary China, equals the infinite game of chance, materialized; the much needed other in its contemporary urban landscape.&nbsp;</p> Rick Dolphijn Copyright (c) 2022 Rick Dolphijn 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 145 151 10.29173/cgs53 The Gambler’s Fallacy <p>I offer a conceptual study of Aristotle’s Sea Battle Paradox and propose that analysis of the paradox, as well as of its various solutions, can help to shed light on the psychology behind and the structure of the gambler’s fallacy. I compare Aristotle’s response to the paradox with Kierkegaard’s subsequent response in his chapter of <em>Philosophical Fragments</em> “Is the Past More Necessary than the Future?” I argue that proponents of each solution lead us to a different diagnosis of the gambler’s preoccupation with predetermination and future determination.</p> Nahum Brown Copyright (c) 2022 Nahum Brown 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 152 159 10.29173/cgs66 “Almost the Same but not Quite” <p>Digitally mediated social networking is now an ordinary aspect of everyday life and gambling platforms are designed accordingly. This article explores how changing iconography has facilitated gambling’s rapid integration within social media and interactive entertainment products and platforms. While there is a substantial literature in cultural studies of digital video games and virtual worlds, most of the academic literature on gambling addresses clinical and regulatory challenges associated with problem gambling. As a consequence, the role of visual iconography, gameplay, narrative and soundscapes in constructing cultural spaces and products of gambling has been largely neglected. Critically engaging with established and emerging theories of mimesis and play, we explore how visual design facilitates the growth of new markets for gambling in a digital culture that privileges interactive forms of consumption.</p> Fiona Nicoll Cesar Albarran-Torres Copyright (c) 2022 Fiona Nicoll , Cesar Albarran-Torres 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 160 173 10.29173/cgs78 The Myth of the "Integrated Resort" <p>The expansion of the casino industry in Asia over the last two decades has purportedly given rise to a new development model known as the “Integrated Resort” (IR). Within state, professional and public discourses, the IR is often defined in three ways: 1. it evolved from large multi-attraction casino projects in Las Vegas; 2. it is distinguished by the fact that the casino occupies a small area of the property but makes a large contribution to its total revenue; and 3. the casino helps to make non-gaming attractions like museums financially viable. While not all factually inaccurate, I argue that these claims are strategic representations that legitimize and promote the IR in this part of the world. By triangulating different sets of discourses and participating in industry events like the Global Gaming Expo, I unravel the politics of these claims and trace their shifting effects as the IR is translated into various forms of regulatory controls and corporate practices. The emergence of the IR signals a historical moment in the normalization of commercial gambling in Asia, and shows how this transition can proceed through an architectural medium.</p> Kah-Wee Lee Copyright (c) 2022 Kah-Wee Lee 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 174 184 10.29173/cgs60 On Card Games <p>A translation, by Mario Wenning, of Über das Kartenspiel [On Card Games] (1798) by Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel.</p> Mario Wenning Copyright (c) 2022 Mario Wenning 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 3 2 125 125 10.29173/cgs146