Gender Equality in Gambling Student Funding: A Brief Report




gender bias, women in science, gambling research, graduate training, funding data


Acknowledgement of gender disparity in academia has been made in recent years, as have efforts to reduce this inequality. These efforts will be undermined if insufficient numbers of women qualify and are competitive for academic careers. The gender ratio at each graduate degree level has been examined in some studies, with findings suggesting that women’s representation has increased, and in some recent cases, achieved equality. These findings are promising as they could indicate that more women will soon qualify for early-career academic positions. Most of these studies, however, examine a specific—or narrow subset—of academic disciplines. Therefore, it remains unclear if these findings generalize across disciplines. Gambling researchers, and the graduate students they supervise, are a uniquely heterogeneous group representing multiple academic disciplines including health sciences, math, law, psychology, and sociology, among many more. Thus, gambling student researchers are a group who can be examined for gender equality at postgraduate levels, while reducing the impact of discipline specificity evident in previous investigations. The current study examined graduate-level scholarships from one Canadian funding agency (Alberta Gambling Research Institute), awarded from 2009 through 2019, for gender parity independent of academic discipline.

Author Biographies

Carrie A. Leonard, University of Lethbridge

Carrie A. Leonard, Ph.D. is the Project Manager for the AGRI National Project (ANP): A study of gambling in Canada and lead investigator on the ANP investigation of the impacts of COVID-19 on gambling in Canada. Her research interests include the spectrum of individual differences and the role of those factors in erroneous belief formation and correction. Dr. Leonard’s recent publications include: “Fallacious beliefs: Gambling specific and belief in the paranormal” (2018), “The relationship between gambling fallacies and problem gambling” (2016), “Gambling Fallacies: What are they and how are they best measured?” (2015), and “Characteristics of good poker players” (2015).

Toria Violo, Mount Royal University

V. (Toria) Violo in an undergraduate student completing her final year of a B. A. in Psychology Honours at Mount Royal University. Currently, Toria is a Research Assistant for two professors, with her research focused on gambling fallacies, gender within academia, and biases within student evaluations of teaching (SETs). She is Vice-President of the Psychology Student Society at Mount Royal University and the student representative for both the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science (CSBBCS) and the Psychologist’s Association of Alberta (PAA). In the upcoming year, Toria plans to attend graduate school in either clinical or counselling psychology.




How to Cite

Leonard, C., & Violo, V. . (2021). Gender Equality in Gambling Student Funding: A Brief Report. Critical Gambling Studies, 2(1), 68–75.